Create a First-Person Shooter In Godot

Create a First-Person Shooter In Godot – Part 1

Introduction

Welcome to the tutorial, and get ready to learn some in-demand skills for creating first-person shooter games!   Throughout this tutorial, we will work with the 3D aspects of the Godot game engine to enhance your foundations when it comes to action game development.  Additionally, we’ll be creating a first-person shooter from scratch, which will show you how to set up the FPS player and camera, enemies, efficient shooting mechanics, health and ammo pickups, and more.

Before we begin, it’s important to know that a basic understanding of the Godot engine is required. If this is your first time using Godot, I recommend you read through the How to Make Games with the Godot Game Engine post first. It will teach you how to install Godot, and the basics of the engine and GDScript.

Already know how to do all this?  Go ahead and skip to Part 2!

Project Files

For this project, we’ll be using a handful of pre-made assets such as models and textures. Some of these are custom-built, while others are from kenney.nl, a website for public domain game assets.

  • You can download the assets for the project here.
  • You can download the complete FPS project here.

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Let’s Begin

To begin, create a new Godot project. We have a few assets such as models and textures we’ll be using (download above), so let’s drag the Font, Models and UI folders into the FileSystem.

Godot FileSystem window with assets imported

Now that we have our assets, let’s create our first scene by going to the scene panel and selecting the 3D Scene option.

  1. Rename the node to MainScene.
  2. Save the main scene to the file system.

Godot with MainScene selected in Scene hierarchy

Building Our Environment

The first thing we’re going to do is create our environment so we have somewhere for the player to exist. In our Models/Environment folder, we have a Ground model. Drag that into the scene window to create a new MeshInstance node. Set the position to 0.

Godot with ground object added to game

The MeshInstance node will render a model, but that’s it. In our case, we want the player to be able to collide with the ground, otherwise they’d sink through.

So to do this, we can select the ground node and in the scene panel, select Mesh > Create Trimesh Static Body.

Godot Mesh menu with Create Trimesh Static Body selected

This will create two children nodes.

  • StaticBody: static physics object which can detect collisions
  • CollisionShape: defines the shape and dimensions of the object’s collider

Ground object in Godot with a StaticBody

With this node, we can change the position, scale and rotation. Go ahead and create an environment.

Godot level with grass plains and trees

One thing you may notice, is that the node structure is starting to get quite long and convoluted since we have a lot of models. To fix this, we can create a new node as a container and store the models in as children.

Create a new node of type Node as a child of the MainScene. Drag the model nodes inside to make them children. Now we can visually open or close the node container.

Models dropdown in Godot Scene window

Another thing you might notice is that the scene is quite dark. To fix this, we can add in a directional light which will act like a sun.

  1. Create a new node of type DirectionalLight.
  2. Enable shadows.
  3. Set the Rotation Degrees to -60, 45, 0.

DirectionalLight added to Godot FPS scene

Creating the Player

Now we can create the player. Create a new scene with a root node of KinematicBody and rename it to Player. We can then save the scene.

Godot Player node in Scene

Let’s add a CollisionShape node to detect collisions.

  1. Set the Shape to Capsule
  2. Set the Radius to 0.5
  3. Set the Height to 1.5
  4. Set the Translation to 0, 1.25, 0
  5. Set the Rotation to 90, 0, 0

Collision Shape added to Player node in Godot

Next, add a new Camera node. This will allow us to see through the player’s eyes.

  1. Set the Environment to default_env.tres (found in file system)
  2. Enable Current
  3. Set the Translation to 0, 0.25, 0

Camera in Godot added as a child to Player

For the gun, drag the shotgun.obj model into the scene and make it a child of Camera. To see through the camera’s perspective, select the camera and in the scene view toggle the Preview option (top left of the window).

  1. Rename the node to GunModel
  2. Set the Translation to 0.2, -0.2, -0.7
  3. Set the Rotation Degrees to 0, -180, 0
  4. Set the Scale to 10, 10, 10

GunModel added as a child to the Godot camera

The gun also needs a muzzle so we know where to spawn the bullets. Create a new Spatial node as a child of GunModel.

  1. Enable Use Local Space (shortcut = T) so that the gizmos are orientated in local space
  2. Rename the node to Muzzle
  3. Position the node in front of the gun

Muzzle object added as child of GunModel in Godot

Back in the MainScene, let’s drag in the Player.tscn to create a new instance of the Player scene.

Player object added to Godot MainScene

With this here, we can press the play button (make the MainScene the main scene) and you should be looking through the player’s eyes.

Finally, before we begin scripting, let’s set up our input actions. Open the Project Settings window (Project > Project Settings) and go to the Input Map tab. Create a new action for:

  • move_forward (W key)
  • move_backward (S key)
  • move_left (A key)
  • move_right (D key)
  • jump (Space key)
  • shoot (Left Mouse Button)

Godot Input Map window

Scripting the Player

Now that we have our player scene setup, let’s get to scripting the player movement, jumping, gravity, shooting, etc.

In the Player scene, create a new script on the Player node. By default, it should be called Player.gd. We’ll begin by filling in our variables.

First, we can begin by setting up the ability to look around. The _Input function is built into Godot and gets called whenever an input is detected (keyboard, mouse click and movement). What we’re doing here, is getting the direction and length that our mouse moved.

Next, we’ll create the _process function. This is built into Godot and gets called every frame. Here, we’re going to use that mouseDelta vector and apply that to the camera and player rotations.

We can now press Play and see that we look around when we move the mouse.

Next up is movement. This will all be done in the _physics_process function. It’s built into the KinematicBody node and gets called 60 times a second (good for physics).

First, we’re going to check for our keyboard inputs.

Next, we need to get the forward and right direction of our player, so we know which way we’re facing and can apply that to our velocity.

We can then set our velocity, apply gravity and move the player!

Finally, we’re going to check for the jump action and change the Y velocity when that happens.

If we press the play button now, you’ll be able to move, look around and jump. That’s how to create a basic first-person controller in Godot. Now let’s get working on the rest of the game.

Creating the Bullet Scene

Before we start to script the ability to shoot, we need to create a scene for the bullet. Create a new scene with a root node of Area. This is a node which can detect physics collisions.

  1. Save the scene to the FileSystem.
  2. Drag the ammo_pistol.obj model into the scene as a child of Bullet.
  3. Set the model’s Scale to 10, 10, 10. (not in image)
  4. Set the model’s Rotation Degrees to 90, 0, 0. (not in image)
  5. Attach a new CollisionShape node.
  6. Set the Shape to Capsule
  7. Set the Radius to 0.03
  8. Set the Height to 0.07

Bullet node in Godot with collision shape

On the Bullet node, create a new script called Bullet.gd. We’ll start of with the variables.

Inside of the _process function, we’ll move the bullet forwards at a rate of speed units per second.

Now it’s time to detect if we’re hitting something. Select the Bullet node and over in the inspector, click on the Node tab to see all of the signals that the node emits. A signal is like an event which can call a function when something happens. In our case, we want to connect the body_entered signal to our script. This gets called when the collider enters another node’s collider.

Double click on that signal and hit enter. A new function should have appeared in the bullet script.

We’re going to check if the body we hit has a function called take_damage. We haven’t created this yet, but we will do it soon. If so, deal the damage and destroy the bullet by calling the destroy function. This is a custom function we’re going to create right after this one.

The destroy function will simply destroy the bullet instance.

We now have a bullet which will move forward and damage whatever it hits (yet to be added). Let’s also add in something so that the bullet can’t travel forever if it misses its target.

In the Bullet scene, create a new node of type Timer. This node will count up and when it hits a certain amount, we’ll call the destroy function.

  1. Set the Wait Time to 5
  2. Enable Autostart

Bullet object in Godot with setting in Inspector

Over in the node tab, let’s connect the timeout signal to our script. This gets called once the wait time has been reached. Double click on the timeout signal and a window will pop-up. Change the Receiver Method to destroy. This will connect the signal to our existing function.

Connect a Signal to a Method window in Godot for FPS bullet

Shooting Bullets

Now that we have our bullet, let’s implement the ability to shoot it. Over in the Player script, let’s create some new variables to keep track of our components.

Down in the _process function, let’s check for when the shoot action is pressed.

The shoot function will spawn a new instance of the bullet scene and position it.

If you want the mouse to be locked when we’re playing the game, we can do so in the _ready function which gets called when the node is initialized.

We can now press play and test it out.

Creating the Enemy

Create a new scene with a root node of KinematicBody.

  1. Rename it to Enemy.
  2. Save the scene.
  3. Attach a new node of type MeshInstance.
  4. Rename it to Model.
  5. Set the Mesh to capsule.
  6. Set the Radius to 0.5.
  7. Set the Mid Height to 1.5.
  8. Rotate and re-position the mesh so that it is orientated like below.

Enemy node with capsule model in Godot

In the MeshInstance node, you’ll see a Material property which is empty. Select it and click New SpatialMaterial.

  1. Set the Albedo Color to red.

Godot Inspector with red albedo added to enemy

Let’s then attach a new CollisionShape node and make it match the mesh.

Enemy node in Godot with collision shape added

Finally, we’ll attach a Timer node to the enemy. This is going to be used in order to attack the player.

Enemy Node in Godot with Timer added

Continued Part 2

And that’s where we’ll conclude for the time being!

At this point, we’ve learned several essential foundations for setting up a first-person shooter in Godot.  First, we established our arena where all the action will take place.  We then created a player, along with a camera, which is scripted to follow the mouse movements as we move the player around.  To this player, we also added a gun model that can shoot bullets – which we also created with performance in mind. Lastly, we set up our enemy model and learned a bit about materials in the process.

Of course, there is still more needed to complete our FPS!  In Part 2 of this tutorial, we will finish up building our Godot FPS by implementing the enemies’ movement, setting up ammo and health pickups, and polishing everything off with a nifty UI!  We hope to see you there.